The Amazon biome, also known as Bioma Amazônia in Portuguese, is a vast and diverse area that encompasses the iconic Amazon rainforest and other ecoregions within the Amazon basin and some surrounding areas to the north and east.
This biome is home to an incredible array of ecosystems, including blackwater and whitewater flooded forests, lowland and montane terra firma forests, bamboo and palm forests, savannas, sandy heaths, and even alpine tundras.
In Brazil, the Amazon biome experiences an average temperature of 22 to 26°C (72 to 79°F) and an average rainfall of 2,300 millimeters (91 inches), although there are significant variations in these conditions between different regions within the biome.
In addition to its diverse array of plant life, the Amazon is home to an enormous variety of animal species, including many that are found nowhere else in the world. Animals such as jaguars, sloths, capybaras, monkeys, toucans, and anacondas are just a few examples of the unique and fascinating wildlife that can be found in the Amazon rainforest.